One of the strengths of the United States is its diverse economy, which comprises many industries that contribute to overall economic development and greater stability. Total U.S. economic output topped $16 trillion in 2015, and each state’s contribution to overall GDP was unique, both in terms of size and industrial composition.
For example, California, New York, and Texas each generated over $1 trillion in economic output in 2015. Combined, these three states accounted for 31% of the nation’s total economic output. Each state’s unique economic landscape is shaped by a range of factors, from legal regulations to the presence natural resources. For example, with the nation’s largest oil reserves, oil and gas extraction drives Texas’s economy. Meanwhile, since removing certain banking restrictions, credit intermediation drives the South Dakota economy
> Largest industry: Oil and gas extraction
> Industry GDP contribution: $160.4 billion
> Industry output as pct. of GDP: 10.7%
> Industry workforce: 99,353
Few states have such a dominant or iconic industry as Texas’s oil and gas industry. Home to more than a third of the country’s crude oil reserves, Texas is by far the largest petroleum and natural gas producing state in terms of GDP. Oil and gas extraction generated $160.4 billion in 2015, more than the total GDP of 21 other states. Despite a global slump in oil prices that began in late 2014, Texas’s largest industry expanded by 13.6% in 2015.
Real estate is by far the largest industry in the United States and the largest contributor to GDP in most states. But since housing is a universal need irrespective of geography, it fails to illuminate regional economic differences. In order to capture the unique economic features of each state, 24/7 Wall St. reviewed the largest industry in each state by GDP contribution — excluding real estate.